Photo: Shiny towers.

Batu Caves

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The almost 43-metre tall statue of Lord Murugan stands by the entrance to the Batu Caves and is one of Malaysia’s iconic images. The epicentre of the annual Thaipusam procession, Batu Caves is famous for the festival, statue and main cavern behind it.



The first sight that hits you when you approach the complex is the massive (at 42.7 metres the world’s tallest) statue of Lord Murugan. A son of Shiva, he is known by umpteen names around India, but his worship is most associated with the Tamil people of the deep south. As Tamils make up the bulk of ethnic Indians in Malaysia (and Singapore too) it should come as no surprise that Lord Murugan is particularly important to the local Hindu community.

It’s a long way to the top...

It’s a long way to the top…

Before the statue are 272 steps leading up to main caves of the temple complex. The steps are steep, and can be slippery after rainfall, so it’s best to take them at a reasonable pace. Avoiding the midday sun is probably a wise idea too. After the ordeal by steps, you are faced with the 100-metre high Cathedral or Temple Cave. Quite apart from its natural splendour, the cave has number of Hindu shrines dotted round.

After another set of steps is a smaller cave, which is bathed in light from the tree-lined gap in the ceiling above. Anyone who associates caves with dank, dark places will be surprised by how airy and light this space is.

Standing tall.

Standing tall.

The terrace by the Dark Cave (see below) offers superb views of central KL, even on a hazy day. It also has a prominent sign, which everyone seems to ignore, requesting that people not feed the monkeys. One of the features of Batu Caves are the cheeky macaques, stuffing a variety of food into their mouths. Don’t get too close, as they have been known to bite the hand that feeds them.

Harder to spot, and much less brazen, are the attractive langurs, who also hang round the complex in the hope of a free meal. Hanuman, the monkey God, is one of the most popular Hindu deities, so it’s fair to say these guys are likely to remain part and parcel of the Batu Caves experience.

One of many shrines.

One of many shrines.

Although the limestone caves are believed to be 400 million years old, their association with Hindu worshippers only stretches back to 1890. In little more than a century however, the complex has become an important pilgrimage site.

The best (and worst) time to visit Batu Caves is during the predominantly Tamil festival of Thaipusam, when the site is thronged by several hundred thousand worshippers. The caves are the climax of a procession from Sri Maha Mariamman temple in Chinatown, with a silver chariot carrying a statue of Lord Murugan at its head.

No need for torches.

No need for torches.

The imaginatively named Dark Cave, is on your right as you start your return journey to ground level, does live up to its name however. It comprises more than two kilometres of surveyed tunnels and caverns and is home to a fascinating guano-driven ecosystem that you’re able to experience for yourself through a roughly hour-long guided tour through one section of the cave.

Probably first used by Chinese farmers, who mined the caves for guano, the cave systems were officially “discovered” in 1878 by two Europeans and in the following years they were surveyed and written up. In 1892 the Hindu temple within the main cave was first established. In the decades that followed the limestone outcrop developed in two primary ways: the Hindu temple grew and became easier to access and limestone blasting and guano quarries damaged the surrounds. Both continued to some degree till 1980 and the statue of Murugan wasn’t completed until 2006.

Guano keeps falling on my head...

“Guano keeps falling on my head…”

What makes the Dark Cave fascinating is the ecosystem within. The cave is believed to be at least 100 million years old and the limestone that surrounds it was originally formed from shells and coral, from when this entire area was underwater. Home to millions of both fruit- and insect-eating bats, their guano supports the entire ecosystem, with teeming cockroaches, spiders, crickets, snakes and other creepie crawlies living off either the guano, the bats themselves or each other.

The first part of the guided tour takes you under one of the main roosting spots; thankfully it’s covered as the guano is falling continuously on it. The aroma is very special — you won’t forget it.

Further into the cave you’ll find spectacular stalactites and stalagmites and after one bend the guides will most likely have you turn off all lights so that you can experience perfect darkness. Throughout the walk you’ll see evidence of the guano mining and the guide will most likely point out the “guano hig- tide mark”, indicating just how much had already been taken out.

A cave with a view, even on rainy day.

A cave with a view, even on a rainy day.

The tour has a heavy emphasis on the environment and opportunities for photographs are quite limited as they’ll politely ask you to refrain from taking them — the flash can stress out the bats we were told. This was in stark contrast to our experience in Taman Negara, where flash photography of the bats was almost encouraged.

The guide will highlight some of the stalactites and stalagmites with small hand-held torches though and they are just beautiful — glistening and often with a rapid stream of water dripping off. Some sections of the walls are terraced almost like paddy, with icy pools of water slowly overflowing and running down the wall’s edge.

The tour concludes further into the cave in a towering final cavern (but not at the end of the surveyed system), where shards of light pierce the darkness and you are allowed to take photos. From there you backtrack to the cave entrance.

More information
The Dark Cave is open Tuesday to Friday, 10:00-16:00, Saturday and Sunday, 10:30-16:30 (closed Mondays). The Educational Tour leaves every 20 minutes and we paid 35 ringit (children cost 28 ringgit). The admission cost is perhaps a little steep, but it’s a worthwhile experience.

For more information, a photo gallery and further details on available tours, see the official Dark Cave site.

The KTM Komuter station (2 ringgit from KL Sentral) is a short walk from the caves.



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Location map for Batu Caves


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