Photo: Handy for keeping the hordes at bay.

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Phra Sumen Fort

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Overlooking the confluence of the Chao Phraya River and Banglamphu Canal near Khao San Road, Phra Sumen Fort was one of 14 citadels built to protect the royal capital shortly after it was founded in the late 18th century.

Standing nearly 20 metres tall and 45 metres wide with roughly half-metre thick walls, the three-tiered white fort was built of brick and covered in mortar. Inside are 38 ammunition storage rooms, and windows rimming the hexagon-shaped upper tower allowed soldiers to keep watch in all directions. The upper part was added as part of a restoration and reconstruction in 1981. Along with Mahakan, Phra Sumen is one of only two of Bangkok’s old forts that still stand.

Unfortunately you are not able to enter the fort. Photo taken in or around Phra Sumen Fort, Bangkok, Thailand by David Luekens.

Unfortunately you are not able to enter the fort. Photo: David Luekens

While the fort grabs the eyes of countless travellers strolling between Khao San and Phra Arthit roads, the entrances are blocked off and there’s not much to see apart from some old cannons and the structure itself. The fort sits on the north side of the small Santichaiprakan Park, a great place to picnic, read and relax beside the river.

Just east of the fort is the free Banglamphu Heritage Museum, which lacks much of anything apart from a restored wooden house but is a handy spot to catch some air-con and use a clean toilet.

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How to get there
Phra Sumen Fort is located at the corner of Phra Arthit Rd and Phra Sumen Rd, just north of Phra Arthit Pier on the Chao Phraya river ferry lines.

Phra Sumen Fort
At the corner of Phra Arthit and Phra Sumen Rds
Admission: Free

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Location map for Phra Sumen Fort

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